Workforce Investment Act, Title I-B Youth Activities Program
Contact: Amy Smith
Employment Security Department
P.O. Box 9046
Olympia, WA 98507-9046
State Website: http://www.wa.gov/esd/1stop/
Local Link: http://www.washingtonworkforce.org/WDCs/index.php
Participation: 3,972 young people were served by the Workforce Investment Act Youth Program between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2012.
Who is Served: Youth must be 14 through 21 years old, low income, and meet other criteria described in the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) such as a need for additional assistance to complete an educational program or to secure and hold employment. To be low income, one must be a welfare or food stamp recipient, homeless, a foster child, or have a family income below 70 percent of the lower living standard income level—$10,284 per individual or $28,549 for a family of four in 2010.
Program Description: The program prepares low-income youth ages 14 to 21 for academic and employment success. Eligible youth may receive counseling, tutoring, job training, mentoring, or work experience. Other service options include summer employment, study skills training, or instruction in obtaining a GED or equivalent. Youth may access information services through WorkSource, the state’s one-stop career center system.
Other Program Characteristics: Local priorities for WIA Title I-B Youth Activities grant must support the priorities described in each local Workforce Development Council’s strategic plan and WIA operations plan and must also be consistent with the goals identified in High Skills, High Wages, the state’s strategic plan for workforce development.
Program History: WIA provides workforce preparation and employment services for dislocated workers and low-income youth and adults. Originally passed in 1998, WIA created an integrated service delivery system open to all adults. Known as WorkSource in Washington, this one-stop system offers a comprehensive array of services through local WorkSource centers and affiliate sites, as well as through the Internet. The Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board was designated by the Governor to act as the state Workforce Investment Board with the Employment Security Department as the administrative entity. The state’s 12 workforce investment areas each have a business-led Workforce Development Council whose members are appointed by local elected officials. Councils have strategic and operational responsibilities, including planning and overseeing their area’s WorkSource systems and WIA-funded programs, as well as designating administrative entities and WorkSource operators.
Planning Cycle: Two-year planning cycle.
State Core Measures: See Workforce Training Results at http://www.wtb.wa.gov/WashingtonStateCoreMeasures.asp
Federal Common Measures: Federal measures used to determine the program’s success include:
- Placement in employment or education.
- Attainment of a degree or certificate.
- Literacy and numeracy gains.
Funding and Regional Division: The majority of WIA funds are allocated to the state and distributed to the 12 local areas based on employment levels and demographics. Federal law defines the funding formulas, which are based on the number of unemployed and the number of targeted persons living in the area. The data is compiled and used to distribute funds to local areas. A portion of the funds available to the Governor for statewide activities is distributed to workforce investment councils and other entities based on criteria set at the state level.
State Funding: None.
Federal Funding: $16,959,549 (July 1, 2012-June 30, 2013), U.S. Department of Labor.
Statutory Authority: This federal program, authorized by the Workforce Investment Act, P.L. 105-220, is administered by the Employment Security Department.