Workforce Investment Act, Title I-B Adult Program
Contact: Amy Smith
Employment Security Department
P.O. Box 9046
Olympia, WA 98507-9046
State Website: http://www.wtb.wa.gov/Policy_Fed_WIA.asp
Local Link: http://www.washingtonworkforce.org/WDCs/index.php
Participation: 4,983 participants were served by the Workforce Investment Act, Adult Program between July 1, 2011 and June 30, 2012.
Who is Served: Specific eligibility guidelines are described in the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). Core services are available to all adults with no eligibility requirements. Intensive training services are authorized for unemployed individuals unable to find jobs through core services alone. In some cases, these services are available to employed workers who need more help to reach self-sufficiency.
Program Description: The program prepares individuals 18 years and older for participation in the labor force by providing core services and access to job training and other services. Services are coordinated through the state’s one-stop career center system, WorkSource. Core services include skill assessment, labor market information, consumer reports on training programs, and job search and placement assistance. Second and third tier “intensive” services are available for eligible adults unable to obtain jobs through core services. This sequence of services is individualized and may include more intensive assessments, individual counseling, employment planning, and prevocational and vocational training. Priority is given to welfare and low-income, WIA-eligible clients.
Other Program Characteristics: Local priorities for the WIA Title I-B Adult Employment and Training Program must support the priorities described in each local Workforce Development Council’s strategic plan and must also be consistent with the goals identified in High Skills, High Wages, the state’s strategic plan for the workforce development system.
Program History: The Workforce Investment Act of 1998 (WIA) reformed federal employment, training, adult education, and vocational rehabilitation programs by creating an integrated system of workforce investment and education services for adults, dislocated workers, and youth. Known as WorkSource in Washington, this one-stop system offers a comprehensive array of services through local WorkSource centers and affiliate sites, and online. Washington’s Governor designated the Workforce Training and Education Coordinating Board (Workforce Board) to act as the state Workforce Investment Board and the Employment Security Department as WIA’s administrative entity. The state’s 12 workforce investment areas each have a business-led Workforce Development Council whose members are appointed by local elected officials. Councils have strategic and operational responsibilities, including planning and overseeing their area’s WorkSource systems and WIA-funded programs, as well as designating administrative entities and WorkSource operators. Congressional action to amend and reauthorize the law is ongoing.
Planning Cycle: Two-year planning cycle.
State Core Measures: See Workforce Training Results at http://www.wtb.wa.gov/WashingtonStateCoreMeasures.asp
Federal Common Measures: Federal measures used to determine the program’s success are:
- Entered employment rate.
- Employment retention rate.
- Average earnings.
Funding and Regional Division The majority of WIA funds are allocated to the state and passed on to each of the 12 local areas based on the employment and demographic characteristics of the geographic area. Federal law defines the funding formulas. Each program has funds allocated based on the number of unemployed and excess unemployed and the number of targeted persons residing in the area. The data is compiled and used to distribute funds to local areas. A portion of funds available to the Governor for statewide activities are distributed to councils and other entities based on criteria at the state level.
State Funding: None.
Federal Funding: $15,738,264 (July 1, 2012-June 30, 2013) WIA Title I-B.
Statutory Authority: Federal - Workforce Investment Act, P.L. 105-220.
Administered by the Employment Security Department.